The implementation of community policing and problem-solving strat- egies at the start of the 21st century has permeated the institution of policing in the United States such that there is near universal desire for police managers to be associated with these ideas (Skogan and Hartnett, 1997). Part of the ethos of community policing, by some measures (Bayley, 1994), is that the agency no longer operates alone but builds partnerships to confront problems within the community. Read more here: